The Soviet bomber fleet always lacked in numbers compared to the west. The current situation is still the same, with about 60 Tu-95MS and a handful of Tu-160, the Russian stretegic bomber fleet is inadequate to the ambitions of the Russian empire. The medium range bomber fleet mainly consist of rather outdated Tu-22M3. With the change in the deployment philosophy of bombers, Russians are fielding the smaller and operationally cheaper Su-34. Althought there was a large increase in military funding, the number of bombers in service are yet increase, and hopefully a next generation of bombers will be in production and fielded in a decade or two. In the past, Soviet designers had showed their capabilities and ingenuity with aircrafts like T-4 or Tu-160, given the appropriate funding and partnerships we'll definately see some interesting designs in the near future.
Strategic missile carrier
The Bear was in service since the late fifties and has been the backbone of the Soviet/Russian strategic bomber force for over 5 decades. It's purpose and weapon system evoled over time from a nuclear bomber to missle carrier. Despite its age, Tu-95 will be in service untill 2030s and would be the longest serving aircraft of all times.
Medium range strategic bomber
The trend for supersonic aircrafts in the sixties and seventies led to the creation of this supersonic bomber. Soon after entering service, dramatic modifications were introduced leadign to the M - versions with enhanced capabilities. There are about 160 still in service with th Russian Airforce and still has some potentials yet to be developed. However the high operational cost renders it obsolete in face of low intesity conflicts and Russians are looking forward to replace them with Su-34.
Supersonic stretegic bomber
Tu-160 is the crown jewel in the Russian bomber force. It's the most advanced bomber ever created by the eastern block and holds a multitude of world records. It was created for the same purpose as the American B-1 - to penetrate enemy defence at supersonic speed and release it's cruise missiles. Due to the extremely high cost, only a handful were produced and although Russia increased its military spending, it is unlikely that we'll see much more of this airplane.
Long range ASW aircraft
Despite the similarities with Tu-95, Tu-142 was never a bomber. It's a long range Anti-Submarine Warfare plane designed for the Soviet Navy. I put it in the bomber page due to the lack of other catagories.