Su-34 (Su-27IB)

The Su-34 fighter bomber is manufactured by the Sukhoi Design Bureau Joint Stock Company in Moscow and the Novosibirsk Aircraft Production Association at Novosibirsk in Russia. The fighter bomber is one of a number of Russian aircraft, Su-27, Su-30, Su-33, Su-34 and Su-35, which have been given the NATO codename Flanker.


The Su-34 fighter bomber is a derivative of the Su-27 fighter aircraft. The aircraft design retains the basic layout and construction of the Su-27 airframe with a conventional high-wing configuration, and a substantial part of the on board equipment. The main differences incorporated into the Su-34 are:


The Su-34 is armed with a 30 mm gun, designation number GSh-301 and 180 rounds of ammunition. The gun has a maximum rate of fire of 1,500 rounds per minute and the muzzle velocity is 860 meters per second. The gun is supplied by the Instrument Design Bureau in Tula.

The aircraft has 10 hardpoints for weapon payloads and is able to carry a range of missiles including air-to-air, air-to-surface, anti-ship and anti-radiation missiles, guided and unguided bombs, and rockets. The aircraft is fitted with a target designator.


R-73 short range air-to-air missile is supplied by the Vympel State Engineering design Bureau in Moscow. The R-73 is an all-aspect short range air-to-air missile capable of engaging targets in tail chase or head-on mode and is known by the NATO codename AA-11 Archer. The missile has cooled infra-red homing. The R-73 attacks the target within target designation angles of +/- 45 degrees and with angular rates up to 60 degrees per second. The missile can intercept targets at altitudes between 0.02 and 20 kilometers, target g-load to 12g, and with target speeds to 2,500 km per hour. A gas aerodynamic system which controls the motor thrust vectoring gives the missile high agility to engage targets maneuvering at accelerations up to 12g.


The RVV-AE air-to-air missile, also known as the RR-77 or by the NATO designation AA-12, is manufactured by the Vympel State Engineering Design Bureau in Moscow. The missile can intercept targets at speeds up to 3,600 km/h and altitudes from 0.02 to 25 kilometers. The minimum range in the aft hemisphere is 300 meters. and the maximum vertical separation between the host aircraft and the target is 10 kilometers. The RR-77 has inertial guidance with midcourse radio updates and terminal active guidance.


The Su-34 carries a range of precision guided and unguided bombs and rockets. It is reported that the Su-34's air-to-surface laser guided bomb is the KAB-500 developed by the Region State Research and Production Enterprise based in Moscow.


The cockpit has two K-36DM zero/zero ejection seats side by side for the pilot and copilot. The seats are supplied by Zvesda Research and Production Enterprise Joint Stock Company, Moscow. The multifunction displays in the cockpit show the flight parameters, the operational status of the aircraft units and tactical data.


The aircraft is powered by two after-burning AL-31F or AL-35 turbofan engines. The engines are mounted under the wing and are equipped with all-duty fixed geometry air intakes. A rotor protection installed in the air intakes provides protection against the ingestion of foreign objects.

The aircraft can carry 12,100 kg of fuel internally in two fuel tanks in the wings and four fuel tanks in the fuselage. Three external fuel tanks each with a capacity of 3,000 liters can be fitted.

The aircraft can achieve a speed of 1,900 km/hour (Mach 1.6) at altitude and 1,300 km/hour (Mach 1) at sea level.


The aircraft has fully automatic and semi-automatic flight control for low altitude flight by day and night and in all weathers. The communications suite includes jam resistant secure voice and data communications between aircraft and control stations and aircraft to aircraft.

The electronic countermeasures systems provide protection against hostile ground based air defenses, fighter interceptors and air-to-air and ground-to-air missiles.






23.34 meters


6.36 meters

Wing span

14.05 meters



Normal take-off weight

39,000 kg

Maximum take-off weight

45,100 kg

Normal combat load weight

4,000 kg

Maximum combat load weight

8,000 kg

Fuel, internal tanks

12,100 kg

Fuel with external fuel tanks

19,300 kg



Maximum g-load




Maximum low altitude speed

1,300 km/hr

Maximum high altitude speed

1,900 km/hr

Service ceiling

14,000 meters



Take-off run

1,260 meters

Landing run

2,100 meters

Landing run with brake parachute

950 meters



Near ground radius of action, at 900 km/hr and normal combat load, internal fuel tanks

600 kilometers

Near ground radius of action, at 900 km/hour and normal combat load, with external fuel tanks

1,130 kilometers

Ferry range with external fuel tanks

4,500 kilometers




one GSh-301


180 rounds

Firing rate

1,500 rounds per minute


R-73 short range air-to-air missile


Air-to-air missiles, target designation for air-to-air missiles


High precision autonomous air-to-surface missiles


Guided air-to-surface missiles


Anti-radiation missiles


Air to ship missiles


Controlled and guided aerial bombs


Unguided bombs and rockets

R-73 air-to-air missile


Maximum launch weight

105 kg


7.3 kilograms, rod type


cooled infra-red




2.9 meters


0.17 meters

Fin span

0.51 meters

Maximum launch range

20 kilometers

Minimum range of aft hemisphere launch

300 meters

Target acceleration g load


Kill probability fighter target


Maximum target speed

2,500 km/h

Target altitudes

0.02 to 20 km

RW-AE medium range air-to-air missile


Launch weight

175 kg


21 kg, rod type


Active radar homing, radio corrected inertial navigation for on-trajectory target lock-on and missile retargeting

Maximum target speed

3,600 km/h

Target acceleration g load


Kill probability fighter target





3.6 meters


0.2 meters

Fin span

0.75 meters

Target altitude

0.02 to 25 kilometers

Minimum range of aft hemisphere launch

300 meters

Maximum vertical separation of target and host aircraft and target

10 kilometers

Copyright by

Click to enlarge

Su-34 prototype Su-34 A good shot of the radar Su-34

The prototype which can be identified by the lack of the large rear spike Su-34 Su-34 cockpit Ladder to the cockpit in the undercarriage bay